Timeline of Earth-4 (prehistory to 18th century)
Return to Timeline of Earth-4
13.7 billion years ago
- The multiverse, containing the universe of Earth-4, is brought into existence. [Crisis on Infinite Earths #1]
circa 2 billion years ago
- The Old Ones, also known as the Elder Race, arrive on Earth. Note: This time is based on dates provided in the Cthulhu Mythos fiction of H.P. Lovecraft, upon which this story and others are based, all written and drawn by Tom Sutton for Charlton. [“Mountain of Fear,” Haunted (Charlton) #20]
circa 200 million years ago
- The time wanderer Travis and his sentient time machine Anacrom (on which he sits like a floating steed) encounter some not-too-bright fellow time travelers. The latter accidentally allow a dinosaur into a time warp they have created. Travis chases it, hoping to stop it before it kills someone. The time warp empties into the middle ages. By the time Travis arrived, the dinosaur has already killed a knight. Travis kills the dinosaur and wins the heart of a princess. [E-Man (Charlton) #3]
circa 65 million years ago
- A massive asteroid slams into Earth, creating the Chicxulub Crater on Mexico's Gulf Coast, and killing off almost all non-avian dinosaurs around the globe. Only a few pockets around the world, containing dinosaurs and prehistoric life, are protected from the effects of the asteroid:
- A valley in Africa later named the Land That Time Forgot (Gorgo #15);
- A land underneath the ice in Antarctica (Konga #8);
- A land in the Himalayas accessible only through the Cave of the Peaks (Thunderbolt (Charlton) v2 #54, 58);
- Tabuki, the Isle of Dragons, in the South Pacific (Judomaster #98);
- A valley in South America later called the Valley of the Dinosaurs (Valley of the Dinosaurs (1974 Hanna-Barbera animated series); Valley of the Dinosaurs (Charlton) #1);
- An inner-Earth world called Nuclia (E-Man (Charlton) #8);
- Caverns below the Earth, where dinosaurs such as the Tyrannosaurus Rex live (“Mountain of Fear,” Haunted (Charlton) #20);
- As well, a few mutant dinosaurs (Ogra, Gorgo, and possibly others) are perfectly preserved in a pocket underneath the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Ireland (Gorgo (1960 King Brothers film); Gorgo #1).
circa 1 million years ago
- A sentient pocket of energy is born from an exploding star. Traveling through space and to different planets over the next million years, it discovers that it can form itself into any kind of matter. He visits and interacts with many civilizations around the universe, also discovering others of his own kind. By the year 1973 A.D., the energy pocket has forgotten most of his adventures over the centuries and becomes E-Man on the planet Earth. [E-Man (Charlton) #1; E-Man (First) #1, 6]
circa 130,000 B.C.
- The Amphibians, a highly advanced offshoot of the human race, are evolved from telepathic, water-breathing mutant Neanderthals. They eventually have chalk-white skin and green hair as they evolve, and they remain few in number. They found several underwater cities that become collectively known as the Hidden Empire. They also create at least two humanoid water-breathing races to act as servants: the Gill-Men (also known as the Fish-Men and the Frog-Men) and the Shark-Men. [Doomsday +1 #4]
- One offshoot of the Amphibians in the South Pacific ceases to evolve. They eventually populate the sunken ruins of Lemuria. [Undersea Agent #1]
circa 70,000 B.C.
- Cro-Magnon man exists, possessing a brain that is more advanced than modern man's. Cro-Magnons create the highly advanced civilization of Atlantis. [“The Professor's Visitors,” Strange Suspense Stories (Charlton) #38]
- Korg, a Neanderthal with a mate named Mara and three children – Tane, Ree, and Tor – has adventures with his family during the Ice Age. [Korg: 70,000 B.C. (1974 Hanna-Barbera television series); Korg: 70,000 B.C. #1-9]
- Korg and his brother Bok meet the green-skinned, snake-haired Gorgon called Medusa, who tries to turn Bok into stone until Korg saves him. Note: This is likely the same Medusa later beheaded by Perseus, though it may have been an earlier Medusa. [Korg: 70,000 B.C. #4 (December, 1975)]
- An alien scouting robot (thought to be a demon) kills Bok. Shortly after, Korg is captured by Caucasian-like human aliens with spaceships and advanced technology, who take Bok's body and restore him to life. Upon awakening in the ship, Bok attacks the aliens and causes a fire that destroys the ship, marooning these seven aliens on Earth. [“A Fantasy,” Korg: 70,000 B.C. #6 (May, 1976)]
- Korg and Bok kill a huge, octopus-like serpent god named Qanzul worshipped by a Cro-Magnon tribe, luring Qanzul off a cliff to its death. Note: Qanzul may be a descendant of one of the Old Ones written of in the Cthulhu mythos created by H.P. Lovecraft. [“Survival,” Korg: 70,000 B.C. #7 (July, 1976)]
- Korg and Bok meet a Cyclops, a red-haired giant nearly twice their size with one large eye on his face. [“The Journey,” Korg: 70,000 B.C. #8 (September, 1976)]
- Korg and Bok meet a woman named Attina from the super-scientific civilization of Atlantis after she was captured by a caveman named Moko while she and her brother were on a mapping expedition using a hovercraft. After rescuing Attina from Moko, she takes them on a trip in the hovercraft to Atlantis, but they are shipwrecked on the island of Basick, an Atlantean outpost, and enslaved. Using a laser pistol that had belonged to Attina's dead brother, Korg and Bok escape just as an earthquake causes Basick to sink into the ocean. Clinging to a large wooden door acting as a raft, Korg and Bok float toward Atlantis. Note: The sequel to this story, called “Kingdom of the Gods,” has never been published. [“South to Atlantis,” Korg: 70,000 B.C. #9 (November, 1976)]
- The teenaged Neanderthal named Tane joins the League of Infinity, comprising members from several historical and future eras. [speculation]
circa 30,000 B.C.
- Cro-Magnons in a highly advanced civilization (possibly Atlantis) invent time travel. Two Cro-Magnon men from this era travel through time using a time machine of their own invention and briefly visit Prof. Howard Gaines in May, 1958. [“The Professor's Visitors,” Strange Suspense Stories (Charlton) #38]
circa 18,000 B.C.
- An unnamed civilization exists in what is now the Middle East that possesses aircraft and advanced science. One scientist creates a time-travel device shaped as a helmet, which is sent to the year 1960 A.D., where it is discovered by a man named Phil Winship. In 1960, Winship uses the helmet to travel back 20,000 years to this time, where he is stranded when the helmet is destroyed, likewise destroying the link between the two times. Winship soon adapts to the civilization and forgets his original time of 1960. [“The Time Cap,” Unusual Tales #20]
circa 10,000 B.C.
- The prehistoric kingdom of Valuria exists in what is now present-day Scotland. Note: This is a prehistoric era of swordplay and magic inspired by sword-and-sorcery epics such as the Hyborian Age of Conan the Barbarian, which exists from approximately 14,000 B.C. to 10,000 B.C. [“The Goran Thing,” Beyond the Grave #5]
- The land of Brytagalon exists, famous for its priests who possessed stones that could resurrect the dead. [“The Stones of Brytagalon,” Beyond the Grave #6]
- A mercenary warrior named Grundar frees a town from the an immortal sorceress named Shalastra. Note: Grundar refers to the great “Conn,” which is a reference to Conan's son, Conan the second, placing this story during the Hyborian Age. [“Prophecy of Doom,” Charlton Bullseye v2 #3 (September, 1981)]
circa 9600 B.C.
- The peaceful, highly advanced continental civilization of Atlantis has flourished for many years, led by philosopher-kings. When Ongar, leader of the alien civilization on Luna (the Moon), decides to invade Earth using atomic bombs, much of Atlantean society is destroyed. However, an unexploded warhead is retrieved, and the Atlanteans are able to learn how it works in time to build atom bomb warheads of their own. As the civilization on the Moon above is completely destroyed by numerous atomic blasts that vaporize the thin atmosphere, earthquakes created by the atomic bombs on Earth below cause the continent of Atlantis to sink. Meanwhile, civilization does not return to the Moon for another 12,000 years, and civilizations on Earth are largely destroyed or lost. It takes several centuries before notable civilizations begin to arise once again. [“Menace from the Moon,” Space Adventures #26]
- Most Atlantean cities perish, while a few are able to survive in different ways into the present. These scattered underwater cities, each called Atlantis, include:
- An underwater, domed city of Atlantis ruled by air-breathing humans (Queen Shar-La is its last monarch, in 1954) who use Fish-Men as their water-breathing servants and messengers. This city is accidentally destroyed by an atomic engine in 1954. Note: This city is likely the only one that is inhabited by the true survivors of Atlantis, as all the others are either ruins or populated by the Amphibians or the various species that the Amphibians have created through experimentation. [“Dead Reckoning,” Space Adventures #11]
- A lost city of Atlantis populated by mutated yellow reptilian humanoids who communicate through telepathy. This city is destroyed in 1962 by Ogra and Gorgo during a planned attack on the surface world. Note: These yellow reptilians are probably the results of experiments by the Amphibians and are not true survivors of Atlantis. [Gorgo #6]
- A ruined city of Atlantis discovered by Prof. Weston of a top secret international organization called U.N.D.E.R.S.E.A. (the United Nations Department of Experiment and Research Systems Established at Atlantis).
- The Undersea Kingdom populated by the Fish-Men and ruled by water-breathing humans. By 1940, Princess Coral and her father, the king of the sea, are its rulers, while American hero Navy Jones is its protector. Note: The Undersea Kingdom is likely a portion of the Hidden Empire formerly ruled by the Amphibians and later conquered by the Fish-Men and finally by water-breathing humans. It is likely that the water-breathing humans are also the results of experimentation by the Amphibians and are not survivors of Atlantis as some believe. [Science Comics #1]
- The kingdom of Mermea, populated by blonde, humanoid, water-breathing Sea Amazons ruled by Queen Mea as of 1979 and protected by Capt. Typhon. Note: Like other water-breathing humans, the Sea Amazons are likely the results of experiments by the Amphibians on normal humans. [Weird Comics #5]
- An ancient sunken city of Atlantis ruled by water-breathing humans (Queen Lantida in the year 10,000 A.D.) who have enslaved the Frog-Men (Fish-Men/Gill-Men). Queen Lantida is its monarch in the year 10,000 A.D., while New American hero Sub Saunders is its protector. [Fantastic Comics #1]
- The same catastrophe that destroys Atlantis probably also destroys the civilized continent of Lemuria in the Pacific Ocean. A primitive offshoot of the water-breathing Amphibians soon inhabit the sunken ruins. Note: It is likely that the so-called Lemurians are actually members of the race called the Amphibians – a water-breathing offshoot of the Neanderthals – whose evolution was stunted early on, as the Lemurians appear similar to primitive cavemen rather than civilized men forced to adapt to living underwater after their cities sank. [Undersea Agent #1]
circa 4000 B.C.
- In Predynastic Egypt, a boy named Kaji Dha is given power by mysterious gods through the sacred blue scarab, becoming the super-powered Great Pharaoh. Kaji Dha, while still a teenager, joins the League of Infinity, comprising members from several historical and future eras. As an adult, he defeats and imprisons the Eye of Horus (also known as the Eye of Ra). Sometime later, he falls asleep, awakening occasionally over the next 1500 years whenever the Great Pharaoh is needed. Note: The name of the Great Pharaoh was never revealed, but it is possible that his name is Kaji Dha (the word that Dan Garret uses to become Blue Beetle), since he is loosely based on Shazam, whose name is also the magic word that transforms Billy Batson into Captain Marvel. [Blue Beetle (Charlton) v3 #54]
circa 3000 B.C.
- A starship of humanlike extraterrestrials fleeing oppression on their homeworld lands in Ancient Egypt, and its inhabitants led by Ramis establish the super-scientific city of Naab. Within a few years, plague and disease from nearby human settlements start killing off the population, and Faro deposes Ramis and takes over Naab. Using an ancient time machine, E-Man and Nova Kane visit from the year 1974 and stop the plague, which they learn was intentionally caused by Faro in a scheme to take over Naab and then the whole world. With E-Man's help, Ramis regains his throne, and the plague is destroyed before E-Man and Nova return to 1974. [E-Man (Charlton) #4]
2589 to 2566 B.C.
- The evil pharaoh Khufu (also called Kha-ef-re and Chufru) the Sun King reigns in Egypt. The Great Pharaoh returns to battle Kha-ef-re's evil reign and dies, but the blue scarab prevents Kha-ef-re from coming back to life after death. The blue scarab is lost for 4,500 years before being rediscovered in the 20th century by archeologist Dr. Daniel Northrup Garrett. Also in the 20th century, a man calling himself Chufru claims to be the reincarnated Khufu. [Blue Beetle (Charlton) v2 #1; Peacemaker (Charlton) #6, unpublished]
circa 2000 B.C.
- In ancient Greece, a young woman named Arachne challenges the goddess Athena to a weaving contest, but the jealous goddess turns her into a spider. Now immortal, the ancient spider Arachne survives into the 20th century. [Midnight Tales #1]
- The Pharaoh Senruset III dies, leading to a dispute between his two sons, Amenemhat III and his other son who is known only as the Black Pharaoh and who succeeds as the new ruler of Egypt. The Black Pharaoh, abandoning the worship of Osiris to follow Set, gains a demonic army that enables him to enslave all of Egypt. Prince Amentep, known as Ibis, leads the rebellion against the Black Pharaoh and is jailed. Amentep's uncle, a sorcerer, gains the fabled Ibistick from the god Thoth and presents it to his nephew, who breaks free. Unfortunately, the Black Pharaoh attempts to force Amentep's lover, Princess Taia, to be his bride. Amentep kills the Black Pharaoh, but the Black Pharaoh's chief priest Mesu shoots Taia with a mystical arrow that puts her in a state of suspended animation for nearly 4,000 years. Amentep chooses to put himself in suspended animation as well in order to be with her. They sleep until the year 1951 A.D. Meanwhile, the Black Pharaoh's brief reign is blotted from history, and his actual name is forgotten. Amenemhat III takes the throne as the rightful ruler of Egypt. Note: This Prince Amentep is the Earth-4 counterpart of the Earth-S Amentep, known as Ibis the Invincible, and the two have very different lives in the 20th century. While the Earth-S Ibis revives himself and Taia in 1939 and becomes a famed mystery man and a member of that world's Squadron of Justice, the Earth-4 Ibis revives himself and Taia in 1951 and dies shortly afterward, only to be reincarnated some years later as Amun the Invincible, the son of Yarko the Great, the greatest sorcerer of all time. [Ibis the Invincible #1; Whiz Comics #1]
circa 1550-1580 B.C.
- The Pharaoh Ramakos II of the Seventeenth Dynasty reigns as a brave and brilliant ruler during the time of the Hyksos rulers. Through astral projection, Ramakos II time-travels to the 20th century to meet opera singer John Mortaro, who will portray Ramakos II in an opera based on his life called Egyptian Empire. Bringing him back in his astral form, Ramakos II is assisted by Mortaro during an invasion from a nation ruled by Crotius. This episode gives rise to the popular notion that the Pharaoh had an invisible double who assisted him in battle. [“Ramakos II Doubled,” Unusual Tales #2 (January, 1956)]
circa 1500 B.C.
- The teenaged Hercules joins the League of Infinity, comprising members from several historical and future eras. [speculation]
- Hercules, son of Zeus, has adventures. [Hercules (Charlton) #1-13]
- Hercules dies when he wears a cloak that was soaked in the blood of a dying centaur, who lied to Hercules' wife Dejahira, telling her it was a love potion. [“The Stones of Brytagalon,” Beyond the Grave #6]
circa 1375 B.C.
- The Egyptian sorceress Hatshepsut II, called Princess Evila, sorceress of the Nile, is active. Note: This Egyptian figure was likely named after Hatshepsut, making her name Hatshepsut II, even though she was never a pharaoh. [Thunderbolt (Charlton) v2 #51]
circa 1325 B.C.
- The Egyptian sorceress and witch of the dead, Rah Kamsis (possibly a protege of Hatshepsut II/Evila), is punished by Pharaoh Tutankhamun for her crimes by being entombed alive. In her last dying breaths, she curses the pharaoh by vowing never to rest until his last heir is dead. Tutankhamun also vows to return for justice if she ever again causes evil on Earth. [The Thing! (Charlton) #12]
circa 1050 B.C.
- Samson, judge over Israel, and Delilah have adventures. [Spectacular Features Magazine #11]
- Caius Martius, ancient Roman lawman, is put into suspended animation by the evil Marius and Lucius for 2,200 years. [Weird Comics #5]
- March 15: Julius Caesar is assassinated by a group of senators led by Brutus. Caesar's nephew, a young soldier in his household guard, is preoccupied with his lover and is not present to protect him despite vowing to do so. Caesar's wife, Calpurnia, calls upon the gods to turn the young lovers into stone. The stone lovers left buried until 1966, when they are discovered by Dr. Anthony Rex, an archeologist and curator of the Museum of Roman Art in London, who mistakes them for a statue. On March 15, 1967, over two thousand years later, the two receive forgiveness from Rex and are freed, able to finally die and turn to dust. [“The Ghosts of the Stone Lovers,” The Many Ghosts of Dr. Graves #1]
1st century A.D.
- Testing a time machine created by Dr. Parten, Cosmic Carson and his crew travel back from the late 22nd century to ancient Britain, where they fight off an early Roman invasion led by Lucius Marius. Note: Although it does not state the year in this story, Carson may have intervened in the Roman invasion of Britain in A.D. 43. While this story apparently indicates that Carson repelled the invasion, he merely delayed it in order to rescue the daughter of a British king from the evil Roman general Lucius Marius. [Science Comics #6]
- Nero is emperor of Rome. He briefly encounters Spookman from July, 1967. [Charlton Premiere v2 #1]
- A boxer named Tony Malento is sent through a time-warp from 1957 to the distant past of ancient Rome, where he becomes one of Emperor Nero's pugilists before returning to the present. [“The Man Who Came Back,” Tales of the Mysterious Traveler #3]
3rd century A.D.
- The Goth warrior Kuno is frozen under the ice in Greenland. [Doomsday +1 #2]
5th century A.D.
- Under the mystical spell of Merlin (who knows of the future's legends of Camelot), King Arthur Pendragon founds Camelot and the knights of the Round Table during Britain's golden age. Note: Only a mystical spell can explain why all popular depictions of Arthur and Camelot are so anachronistic for the 5th century and are more akin to the 15th century of Sir Thomas Malory. Merlin of Earth-4 is known to clearly perceive and know the future (see “The Drama of Droopsie the Dragon” from Robin Hood and His Merry Men #37), so it is probable that he intentionally created the mystical atmosphere that allowed the anachronistic Camelot of civilized knights in armor, jousting, tournaments, fair ladies, and chivalry to exist in what would normally be a barbaric age of war between Britons and Saxons. Since King Arthur's life spans two centuries, his 5th century adventures comprise his own exploits and those of his earliest knights, while his 6th century adventures comprise that of his most famous knights while Camelot is at its peak. Presumably Merlin's magic makes everyone live and remain youthful longer than normal. [Le Morte D'Arthur (1485 manuscript by Sir Thomas Malory)]
6th century A.D.
- Sir Lancelot of the Round Table has adventures. [Robin Hood and His Merry Men #32, 36]
- The Sorceress of Zoom briefly travels through time from the year 1940 to 6th century Camelot, where she meets Sir Gareth and outwits the sorceress Morgana le Fay, only to be outwitted herself by the wizard Merlin, who sends her back to her own time. [Weird Comics #7]
- 537 A.D.: Upon his return from a mission abroad, King Arthur learns that his deputy Sir Modred has traitorously seized the throne. Arthur's men battle Modred's men, and Sir Gawain dies. Later, Gawain's spirit warns Arthur not to attack Modred for another month, allowing Sir Lancelot and the knights under his command to return by that time. To postpone the inevitable battle, Arthur holds a parley with Modred, but an accident causes the parley to break into a bloody battle that leaves only four survivors: Arthur, Modred, Sir Lucan, and Sir Bedivere. Arthur battles Modred to the death, killing Modred and becoming mortally wounded himself. Lucan and Bedivere deliver Arthur to a boat taking him to the isle of Avalon, where he is to be tended by Morgana le Fay (his sister, Queen of Gore), Viviane (the Lady of the Lake), and Galis (the Queen of the North). Note: This story indicates that the Arthurian mythos of Earth-4 closely follows Sir Thomas Malory's classic work, Le Morte D'Arthur, published in 1485 by William Caxton. In the Earth-4 universe, Modred (an alternate spelling of Mordred) is not Arthur's son and is apparently not Morgana le Fay's son, either, but instead the son of Arthur's sister Morgause and her husband King Lot of Orkney. Morgana le Fay at this time is still not yet fully evil. Shortly after Arthur's death, Merlin's spell surrounding Camelot vanishes, restoring all of Britain to its ordinary 6th century environs. [Robin Hood and His Merry Men #29]
- After the death of King Arthur, Queen Guinevere gives birth to his son and heir, but she hides him away in a nunnery with instructions that his true identity cannot be known until he becomes an adult. Arthur's direct descendants live on through the centuries with this family secret, using their surname Pendragon only amongst themselves. [“Camelot: In Search of the Truth”]
- Morgana le Fay gains the secret of immortality and survives into the 20th century, growing in madness and evil as the centuries pass. She has several sons, many of whom are just as mad and evil as she. [“Camelot: In Search of the Truth”]
- Upon the passing of Heardred, son of Hygelac, the kingdom of the Geats devolved unto the much praised son of Ecgtheow, Beowulf, proud warrior and prosperous hero. And soon thereupon, the noble and generous Beowulf gave great tracks of land to those most loyal Thanes who fought beside him at Heorot when he slew the monstrous Grendel. And among these Thanes, the good Wigmeric was the first to die, whereupon his eldest son, the young but wise Hrothelac, became Thane of Bagarth and ruled his lands well. [Hercules (Charlton) #1-13]
9th century A.D.
- 813 A.D.: A Danish warrior named Bludd is transported to the 31st century, where he has adventures. Note: Bludd is probably an ancestor of Count Gregor Von Bludd, a vampire who lived in the 15th century. [Charlton Bullseye v2 #9]
11th century A.D.
- Sir Miles of Lorraine becomes the Red Knight and joins the First Crusade of Godfrey of Bouillon in the Holy Lands. [Cyclone Comics #1-2]
12th century A.D.
- Sir Richard of Warwick, England, becomes the Golden Knight and joins the Third Crusade of King Richard the Lionheart in the Holy Lands. [Fantastic Comics #1-20, Eagle #2]
- In England, Robin of Locksley becomes the outlaw Robin Hood during the evil reign of Prince John, who is acting as regent in King Richard's absence. Robin Hood and his Merry Men hide in Sherwood Forest, stealing from the corrupt rich and giving their spoils to the downtrodden poor. [Robin Hood and His Merry Men #28-38]
- Ned, a kitchen boy, dons a mask and becomes Robin Hood's teenaged partner, the Golden Archer. [Cat-Man Comics #26-32]
- The Blue Knight, also known as the Riming Knight, has adventures. [Robin Hood and His Merry Men #28, 30-36, 38]
- Marco Polo has adventures with his father Niccolo and uncle Maffio in the Far East, where they meet Kublai Khan. [Marco Polo (1961 film); Marco Polo (comic adaptation)]
- A Sirian from the planet Sirius 5 lands on Earth and learns Middle English language (in the time of Chaucer) before returning to his home planet. Note: The Syrian is from the same species of humanlike extraterrestrials as Wynnwar, or Wander, who lands on Earth 500 years later in 1879. The Wander story in Cheyenne Kid #67 incorrectly states that a Syrian last visited Earth in the 12th century, which is actually 700 years before the 19th century. [Cheyenne Kid #66]
- The vampire Count Gregor Von Bludd rules the village of the Dark Valley somewhere in Europe, where he periodically tortures and kills the villagers for sport and sustenance. Under unknown circumstances, Von Bludd's first wife falls to her death from the tower of his Castle on the Crags. Ten years after his first marriage, Von Bludd forces the lovely young Rosa to become his second wife, the Countess R.H. Von Bludd, after she courageously defends her father from his brutal whims. Shortly afterward, a plague sweeps the village and castle, killing all mortals but the Countess and her maid Olga, who survived the plague as a child. Immune to the plague, Von Bludd nevertheless requires a human victim and transforms the Countess into a vampire; however, through pre-arrangement with the Countess, Olga slays the Count with a wooden crossbow bolt and flees the castle. Some time later, the Countess departs as well. Centuries later she relocates to America. Note: Count Gregor Von Bludd is probably a descendant of Bludd, a 6th century Danish warrior who was transported to the 31st century. [“The Wedding Gift,” Scary Tales #1 (August, 1975)]
- In France, Andre DeLeBoef has adventures as the masked swordsman known as Leatherface. [Cat-Man Comics #26]
- Flip Falcon time travels from 1940 to this era and saves the Amazons, a race of warrior women, from being killed by invading Spaniards in South America. Before heading back to his own time, he instructs the Amazons to relocate. Note: It is possible that these Amazons are related to the women warriors of the land of Sunuria. [Fantastic Comics #9]
- Death of Capt. Kit Walker in a pirate raid. His son, also named Kit is the sole survivor and washes up on a remote Bangalla beach and is rescued by pygmies. Kit swears an oath on the skull of the pirate who killed his father that he and his descendents will fight pirates and evildoers all over the world. He becomes the first Phantom. [The Phantom (King Features Syndicate newspaper comic strip)]
- Vivienne, a young French witch who uses her powers for good, has adventures. She joins the League of Infinity, comprising members from several historical and future eras. She earns the nickname Witch Wench while in the League. [speculation]
- The wicked Hugo Baskerville is killed by a huge hound near his estate in the Dartmoor region of the county of Devon, England. [The Hound of the Baskervilles (1902 novel by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle); The Hound of the Baskervilles (1939 film)]
- The Salem Witch Trials occur in Salem, Massachusetts.
- Several members of a coven of witches at Salem, Massachusetts, are killed. The remaining witches, led by Helena Crayle and including Sarah and Nicholas, gain immortality and relocate to a Victorian mansion at Chesapeake Bay, Maryland. [“A Special Victim,” Beyond the Grave #4]
- After being convicted as a warlock in Salem, Phineas Lowell escapes and relocates to Redfield. According to tradition, the first son in each generation inherits Phineas' spirit and becomes a warlock. [“When the Hour Strikes,” Haunted (Charlton) #6]
- The Phantom X repulses an alien invasion of Earth. [The Phantom (Charlton) #49]
- Thomas Kidd (not to be confused with William Kidd) becomes the new Captain Kidd, pirate. [Captain Kidd #24-25]
- Long John Silver, pirate, has adventures on Treasure Island. [Treasure Island, by Robert Louis Stevenson; Treasure Island (1950 film); Long John Silver (1954); Long John Silver & the Pirates #30-32]
- Jerry Drummer, boy hero of the Revolutionary War, has adventures. [Jerry Drummer #10-12]
- Daniel Boone, frontier scout, has adventures. [Wild Frontier #2-6, Frontier Scout Dan'l Boone #10-14]
- A group of extraterrestrial scientists found a colony in the San Andreas mountains. They also build Bigfoot, an android whose mission is to protect the alien base. [“The Secret of Bigfoot,” The Six Million Dollar Man (1974 ABC television series)]
- The Atlantic island city of Aquatis is shaken by an earthquake caused by a volcano and slowly begins to sink beneath the waves of the Atlantic Ocean. The advanced island's scientists discover a way to allow the citizens to breathe water, but from that point on they are unable to breathe air and must wear special helmets while above water. Note: It is probable that the scientists of Aquatis are given aid by the ancient and advanced water-breathing race called the Amphibians. The island of Aquatis is probably an unstable sunken island just west of the Azores Islands in the Atlantic Ocean by the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Although the story of Aquatis appears to be well-known, it is probable that the idea of the citizens becoming water-breathers is believed to be a legend, and that they are all believed to have died when the island sank. [“Fight for Freedom,” Blue Beetle (Fox) #33]
- The Phantom XI saves the life of Benjamin Franklin in Paris, France. [The Phantom (Charlton) #74]
- The Phantom XII has an adventure during the Revolutionary War. Just before the signing of the Declaration of Independence (which he witnesses from the shadows), he tries to convince his friend Benjamin Franklin to free the African slaves. Franklin says it is impossible for now but will happen in time, and the Declaration is the first step to the freedom of all men. [The Phantom (Charlton) #74]
- The Phantom XII is rescued from pirates by U.S. naval hero John Paul Jones. [The Phantom (Charlton) #45]
- Victor Frankenstein creates the monster known as the Frankenstein Monster. [Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus (1818 novel by Mary Shelley); “Man-Made Monsters,” Haunted (Charlton) #22]
- In Paris, France, during the Reign of Terror, the Count d'Echere is sentenced to die by the Revolutionary Tribunal. His doctor helps him fake his death by claiming he dies of a heart attack. In fact, by unknown means he makes himself virtually immortal and lives in his home, Vingt-Deux Rue Gallienne, without aging for almost two more centuries. [“Door to Yesterday,” Haunted (Charlton) #2]
Timeline of Earth-4: prehistory to 18th century | 19th century to 1920s | 1930s to 1950s | 1960s to 1970s | 1980s to present | the future | Special timelines: Timeline of Earth-4 during the Crisis | alternate timelines